Learning Unit 1 examines the concept of family and community literacy in general and more specifically, as it is understood in the context of Aboriginal teachings. Starting with the question, “What is literacy?” and continues with understanding literacy as an everyday part of family and community social practices. This unit introduces different models of family literacy in order to understand what beliefs about family literacy lie behind many popular programs. Lastly, Learning Unit 1 examines the idea of “best practices” in Aboriginal family literacy as a way of evaluating existing programs for the purposes of developing your own family literacy activities or initiatives in your programs and communities. Throughout the unit you are given opportunities to discuss and explore the ideas presented.